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The Alzheimer’s Association has created a list of the warning signs of Alzheimer’s and another dementia. Every individual may experience one or more of these signs in different degrees. If you notice any of them, please seek medical advice.

  • Memory loss that hinders daily life. One of the most common signs of Alzheimer’s, especially in early stages, is forgetting newly learned information. They also forget important dates or events, ask constantly for the same information, and depend on memory aids, such as reminder notes or electronic devices, as well as family members for things they used to handle on their own.
  • What are typical age-related changes? Now and then forgetting names or appointments, but remembering them later.
  • Difficulty planning or solving problems. Some patients may experience changes in their ability to develop and follow a plan or work with numbers. They may have difficulty following a familiar recipe or managing monthly bills. In addition, they may have trouble concentrating and need more time to complete a task than they did before.
  • What are typical agerelated changes? Now and then making mistakes when adding and subtracting.
  • People with Alzheimer’s often find it very hard to complete daily tasks. They may sometimes have difficulty arriving on time at a familiar place, managing a budget at work or remembering the rules of a familiar game.
  • What are typical agerelated changes? Sometimes needing help to use the microwave or to record a TV programme.
  • Disorientation in time or space. People with Alzheimer’s forget dates, seasons and the passage of time. They may have difficulty understanding something if it is not happening at that moment. Sometimes they may also forget where they are and how they got there.
  • What are typical agerelated changes? Getting confused about the day of the week, but figuring it out later.
  • Difficulty understanding visual images and how objects relate to each other in the environment. For some people, having visual problems is a sign of Alzheimer’s. They may have trouble reading, judging distance and determining colour and contrast, which may cause problems with driving a vehicle.
  • What are typical agerelated changes? Vision changes related to cataracts.
  • New problems with words in speaking or writing. People with Alzheimer’s may have trouble following or taking part in a conversation. Also, they may get stuck in the middle of a sentence and have no idea how to continue or repeat themselves over and over. They may struggle to find the right words or appropriate vocabulary or call things by the wrong name (e.g., calling a “pencil” a “writing stick”).
  • What are typical agerelated changes? Sometimes having difficulty finding the right word.
  • Misplacing objects and the lack of ability to retrace steps. A patient with Alzheimer’s usually misplaces things. They may lose objects and be unable to retrace their steps to find them. Sometimes they may accuse others of stealing. This may happen more frequently over time.
  • What are typical agerelated changes? Now and then misplacing things, such as glasses or the remote control.
  • Decreased or poor judgment. People with Alzheimer’s may experience changes in judgment or decision-making. They may, for example, give away large amounts of money to sellers or telephone operators. They may also pay less attention to personal hygiene.
  • What are typical agerelated changes? Making bad decisions from time to time.
  • Loss of initiative when working or taking part in social activities. A person with Alzheimer’s may start losing interest in hobbies, social activities, work projects or sports. They may also have trouble understanding recent facts related to their favourite team or hobby. They may as well avoid social activities due to the changes they have experienced.
  • What are typical agerelated changes? Sometimes feeling bothered by work, family and social obligations.
  • Changes in mood and personality. The mood and personality of people with Alzheimer’s may change. They may become confused, suspicious, depressed, scared or anxious. They can easily get angry at home, at work, with friends or in places where they don’t feel cosy.
  • What are typical agerelated changes? Developing very specific ways to do things and getting angry when their routine is disrupted.